BUSEL, JOSEPH (1891–1919), Zionist-Socialist pioneer; one of the originators of the idea of the kevuẓah (see kibbutz movement ) and among its founders in Ereẓ Israel. Busel was born in Lachowicze, Minsk Region (Belorussia). Before he went to Ereẓ Irael in 1908 he worked in an agricultural settlement established by pica in the Kherson province in the Ukraine. In Ereẓ Israel he joined the group cultivating land at the settlement of Kinneret, where he evolved the idea of the independent agricultural collective group. In 1910 Busel, together with members of his "commune of Ḥaderah," settled at Um-Juni (deganyah ), which became the first kevuẓah. He played a major role in formulating and implementing the principles on which the kevuẓah was founded, e.g., equal burden of work for men and women and communal child care. Busel was a leader of Ha-Poel ha-Ẓair , and during World War I was active in the general institutions of the yishuv in Ereẓ Israel. He drowned while crossing Lake Kinneret from Tiberias to Deganyah. His wife, HAYYUTA BUSEL (1890–?), was an educator and agriculturalist. She was born in Lachowicze, settled in Ereẓ Israel and married Joseph in 1917. She was a leading member of the histadrut and women's labor movement, and of Iḥud ha-Kevuẓot ve-ha-Kibbutzim . She settled in Deganyah. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Hanoch (Rotfeld) (ed.), J. Busel-Esrim Shanah le-Moto (1939); M. Braslavski, Tenu'at ha-Po'alim ha-Ereẓ Yisre'elit, 4 (19632), index; Y. Shalom (ed.), Sefer Busel (1960), 233–300. (Simha Katz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALIYAH AND ABSORPTION — GENERAL SURVEY Introduction Aliyah, ascension or going up, is the coming of Jews as individuals or in groups, from exile or diaspora to live in the Land of Israel. Those who go up for this purpose are known as olim – a term used in the Bible for… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Casa de Cominges — Escudo de la rama española de la Casa de Cominges. La Casa de Cominges es una de las familias nobles más antiguas[1] de Francia, la cual ya gobernaba en el siglo X, como príncipes soberanos, los países de Cominges, de Couserans, de C …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tirschenreuth — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Holodomor — The Holodomor ( uk. Голодомор) is the famine that took place in Soviet Ukraine during the 1932 1933 agricultural season when the devastating famines also took place in several other regions of the USSR. The Holodomor ravaged the rural population… …   Wikipedia

  • DEGANYAH — (Heb. דְּגַנְיָה), two kevuzot – Deganyah Alef and Deganyah Bet – in Israel, on the Jordan Yarmuk Plain south of Lake Kinneret, both affiliated to Ihud ha Kibbutzim. Deganyah Alef was founded in 1909 on land that was among the first holdings… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.